Home Media Sermons by Pastor Nicki Coertze Series 3. The Glory of the Logos . The Logos in relation to creation

. The Logos in relation to creation



John 1:1-3 (ESV) “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.”



Today we come to the next sermon on the Logos and which is the relation of the Logos to creation. Look at John 1:3 (ESV) 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.”

Now the fact that all things were created by God is maybe the most attacked Christian belief. This is however nothing new. In the time that John wrote this fact was under attack by the Gnostics who embraced a philosophical dualism that taught that spirit was good and matter was evil, therefore the good God could not have created evil and therefore He is not the creator. Now where did our world come from according to them? They taught that a series of ‘spirit beings’ emanated from God and that eventually one of these spirit beings was foolish enough to create the physical universe.

The Greeks had another view of things. Plato, once turned to a group of Greek philosophers and said: “It may be that someday there will come forth from God a word, a logos, who will reveal all mysteries and make everything plain.”

For John the issue is not, creation or any other way. Creation is the logical answer; the role of the Logos is now up for discussion.

So John strongly opposes these views and teaches the Gnostics that Jesus Christ was the Fathers agent in creating everything and to Plato he has one thing to say; ‘Yes, Plato, the Logos has come; and God and the mysteries of all things are revealed to us perfectly.’ Now before we look at the text before us we need to be reminded again that John is not a philosophical writer. The one whom he is writing about is the very Jesus of Nazareth, the one He saw face to face, he walked with Him, talked with Him, touched Him, shared meals with Him, and laughed with Him. The relationship John had with Jesus is very much the same kind of relationship we have with our friends and yet very much different.

If you look at 1 John 1:1 you are reminded that you are dealing here with a first person eye witness account says: 1 John 1:1 (ESV) “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life—“ Now just think how astounding the life and work of Jesus had to be that John can claim that this man he spent 3 years with is none other than the ‘creator of the universe’. Try and picture John talking to another one of his friends and telling him: “by the way that guy you see eating fish and bread with my other friends, he actually made me and you, he did not just make us, he actually made this ball called earth that you are standing on, and the universe around you, He did it.” Wow what a claim to make, that “All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made ……..’

The story is told of a scientist who appeared before God and said that he is able to make man as well from the dust of the earth. God told him to prove it. As he bent down to pick up the dust to prove his point God said; ‘no, no, make your own dust, that’s my dust, I made it, use your own dust.’ So  remarkable was the life and ministry and miracles of Christ, the unity of Scripture about Him and the power of the Holy Spirit within Him that even His enemies over 2000 years come to believe in Him and proclaim Him with the same fervour with which they opposed Him.

Take the life of Paul. Paul was not seeking Christ; he was not living on a knife edge of decision, but suddenly converted by the wondrous working power of God and a few days later preaching the very message of Christ with a full understanding that correlates with Genesis to Malachi. How long do we not study the Scriptures that we have in book form, and yet still battle to bring all the claims and truths into mind order, and yet Paul gets it like that, without a period of deprogramming? It is a work of God, because Jesus was not just the man of Nazareth but the God man, who was always and who will always be.

Now I want us to look together at this relationship between the Logos and creation over the next two sermons.

1. The Logos was the creator of creation.

This is what John tells us. All that has been made came into being by the will of God, and God brought it into being by the eternal Word. And John is clear that this is true of all things that exist by creation. Notice how he puts it: All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made ……..’ Everything in this universe was made; it is not the result of a ‘big bang’. Big bangs cause chaos, disorder, anarchy. Something that is made has structure, uniqueness, design, purpose and intent.

Ill. You might have heard the story of the scientist who built a model of our solar system so perfect and beautiful and displayed this in his library. An atheist friend of his enquired just how he managed to build it so well. His answer was that he did not build it, but that there was some explosion in his library one night and when he went to investigate there was this solar system. Obviously his friend said that was an impossibility to which he enquired, “Then why do you believe it?”

All that this universe is has been created and had a beginning in time. Everything that ever came into being, everything that ever had a start, and everything that was ever created came into being through the Logos.

Something that stuns me is how common man, (and I regard myself as common man), will so easily believe the view of some scientists namely that the universe has come into being through a big bang, which is based on chaos, chance and 14 billion years, but they will reject God who says He created orderly and not by chance. There is super intellectual design behind all that was made.

If I am not allowed to embrace the Word of God that says God made, how do I simply embrace the following statement which is a short definition of the Big-Bang:- “In the Big Bang theory, the universe begins as very hot, small and dense, with no stars, atoms, form, or structure (called a "singularity"). Then about 14 billion years ago.[1] the space in the universe expanded very very quickly (like a big bang), and later atoms formed, and then the stars and their galaxies. The universe is still expanding today, and getting bigger, but colder”. The original hypothesis for a Big-bang by the way did not originate from a scientist but from a priest.

Let me give you another definition that explains it more accurately, and tell me if I as a common man can believe this without absolute faith in scientists and astronomers. Now remember that they are looking back app. 14 billion years in time and they can say the following so accurately:Approximately 13.7 billion years ago, the entirety of our universe was compressed into the confines of an atomic nucleus. Known as a singularity, this is the moment before creation when space and time did not exist. According to the prevailing cosmological models that explain our universe, an ineffable explosion, trillions of degrees in temperature on any measurement scale, that was infinitely dense, created not only fundamental subatomic particles and thus matter and energy but space and time itself. Cosmology theorists combined with the observations of their astronomy colleagues have been able to reconstruct the primordial chronology of events known as the big bang.

Quantum theory suggests that moments after the explosion at 10.43 seconds, the four forces of nature; strong nuclear, weak nuclear, electromagnetic and gravity were combined as a single "super force"(Wald). Elementary particles known as quarks begin to bond in trios, forming photons, positrons and neutrinos and were created along with their antiparticles. There are minuscule amounts of protons and neutrons at this stage; approximately 1 for every one billion photons, neutrinos or electrons (Maffei). The density of the Universe in its first moment of life is thought to have been 1094g/cm3 with the majority of this being radiation. For each billion pairs of these heavy particles (hadrons) that were created, one was spared annihilation due to particle-antiparticle collisions. The remaining particles constitute the majority of our universe today (Novikov http://ssscott.tripod.com/BigBang.html)

For me to believe an explanation like that requires absolute faith in the scientists, either I take their word for it or I take God’s word for it. I have to apologise, Mr Scientist, I just do not have enough faith in your brain to believe all of this. Praise God that there are sufficient scientist, physicists, astronomers of repute that reject the Big Bang as either the reason for creation or God’s method of creation. Atheists struggle with Christianity, because who made God and how do you prove God. We have one very simple question, where did ‘very hot, small and dense’ then come from, what caused it? To have actual proof, we need somebody who could say, I was there, I saw it with my eyes. Remember God’s question to Job: “were you there when I made….” The word of God is clear; the Logos was there, right in the beginning.

So to believe the Big Bang requires faith in Scientists and to believe in Creation requires faith in God. At least Christianity claims that it is a faith and not a science. Now, how does the Logos fit in with this whole creation deal?

1.1 The Logos does not belong to creation.

I reminded you last week that the Jehovah’s Witnesses see Christ as a god created by God. What John is telling you is that when God created Christ was there. The Son was not made, the Son was the maker of all things, and He is eternal. So if He was before all things He does not belong in the category of all things that were made. He was not created and He does not have a beginning in time. Jesus is eternal because Jesus is God.

1.2 The Logos was the designer and maker of all creation.

This includes both the intelligent creation and the non-intelligent creation. Even the angels came into being through the Son of God. This includes Lucifer himself. Do you realise that when Satan tempted Jesus and told Him, ‘bow down and worship me and I will give you all things…’ he knew that he was offering all things to his maker. Revelation 3:14 (ESV) 14“And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God’s creation.” Christ is the origin of God’s creation, the one who made it all, and the Son of God does not belong to creation; the Son of God is the maker of creation.

1.3 This also means that matter is not eternal.

All matter had a beginning. How can we ever have the idea that there was this unseen stuff, building block material of creation and the reason why we are here and everything else that is here is because somehow these unseen building blocks came together in such a way that there was this great explosion which I spoke about earlier, and boom here we all are 14 billion years later?

Somewhere in a pond was an amoeba and after millions of years, here we are reproducing after our kind. Evolution with its theory of chaos and its theory of unintelligent matter existing in random features, organizing itself by chance into highly complex forms and ultimately to the level of human intelligence and personality, is so preposterous and so impossible, and so scientifically inaccurate that no honest person could believe it. Evolution is a violation of all that modern science knows to be true. Some so called Christian scientists will tell you that there had to be some kind of material that is eternal.

Wrong, there was a time, when there was nothing but God, not a molecule, not an Atom, not any unseen building blocks existed. There was nothing but God. The creation is something that came into being out of nothing. Well people ask...and this is a very popular view today...but, "Couldn't God...I mean, we acknowledge God, we acknowledge a creator, but couldn't God have used evolution after creating the original matter? Couldn't God have used evolution in the sense of theistic evolution?" No, God couldn't have used evolution because evolution is impossible. Macro Evolution assumes that matter can organize itself upward by itself. Furthermore, death is the consequence of sin and if theistic evolution is true then the fall into sin must have happened millions of years ago. Also, God did not say “let there be evolution, He said let there be light etc.”

Scientists can explain to you to the best of their knowledge all they can lay their hands on, and I thank God for these clever people who can experiment, dissect and reveal things to me that causes me more and more to rejoice in God my creator. For me, science should not be in conflict with God, science is given by God so that you and I can learn more about that which God has made so that we can with the heavens declare His glory. For me the question is not, how can a scientist believe? The question is rather, how can a scientist not believe? All they need to do is to look at the greatness of God’s creation, turn to the Word of God and have faith. Sadly, so many find themselves in conflict with God, because they have become too clever for faith.

Biologists and the medical profession can explain the inner workings of the living cell, the DNA molecule and just how animal and plant life adapt and adjust themselves to fit in with their environment. It was over a hundred years ago that Louis Pasteur proved that spontaneous biogenesis cannot occur. A cell cannot increase its complexity. A cell cannot add information necessary in its DNA, or its genetic code, to take itself to a higher level. That is impossible. It has never been done, it has never been seen.

Nothing mutates upward. In fact, natural selection, which was a phrase that Darwin leaned on, or the process of change or mutation is always downward, never upward. Individual life forms that vary too much from the centre of the species go downward, which is the law of entropy. Mutants don't improve the species, they are a decline. Inevitably they die at the cellular level. Natural selection then is only downward, not upward, and natural selection actually prevents evolution from taking place. No species is capable of moving up. It can decrease itself by a decrease in its information by some entropic event that sends it into disorganization, but it cannot increase what it is because it cannot come across new information.

By the way, it is true that species die out. There are frankly millions of species that have died out in this world. There species becoming extinct every day. There were more species in the past than there are now such as dinosaurs. There may well have been other kinds of apes and other kinds of mammals as species, as well as insects and birds and snakes and creatures of the sea and all of that, that have died out and they may look like there are links between various species, but there has never been one shred of proof that one kind of species can become another, let alone a higher kind of life. What appears to be some kind of intermediate link found in some kind of vertebrae field or fossil field, may be nothing other than just an ancient species that went out of existence, as they do by the thousands all the time.

Astronomers can take us into the heavens and fill us with enthusiasm with the birth of stars and they can number the galaxies and give us the most exciting photography that anyone can ever give you. But it is only Christ who can reveal to you the beginning of all things and that is Christ himself as the living Logos who was and is God. Let us immediately come to the defence of sceptics who will point you to the ages of matter, the travel of light and will immediately say that therefore these things were in existence for longer than what the Christian Bible claims.  Besides the fact that there are major debates about the methods through which age is determined. Consider this. A simple question is: ‘how old was Adam when God made him?” Adam was created with age and so everything else that exists. God made trees that bore seed; He did not plant seeds, God made animals and birds not eggs and embryos. It is the old ‘what came first, the chicken or the egg scenario.’

God exists before time because He is eternal, matter exists in time and has been created with age in time because matter is linked to our time and is not eternal. It was all created out of nothing except the word of God, and Jesus is the eternal Word. Now this is not just John’s testimony that Jesus was the originator of creation. Paul also talks about it: In 1 Corinthians 8:6 (ESV) he says:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.” The Father is seen here as the primary source of creation and the Son is seen as the intermediate agent.

From God are all things, from the Father we exist but through Jesus are all things and through Jesus we all exist. He also says in Colossians 1:16 (ESV)16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him.” The Hebrew writer reminds us in Hebrews 1:2 (ESV)2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.”

The Logos was the originator of creation, Jesus was the creator. This means that Jesus does not belong to creation but that He made all things. This means that matter is not eternal. There was a time when there was nothing but God, and Jesus is God and by the Word of God all these things came into being.

1.4 It also means that the Logos revealed God before He became flesh.

Certainly it was in a lesser way but He was still acting as the Logos prior to His incarnation, because as the agent of creation through Him came into being that which still testifies to God and reveals God. You realise that that which has been made says to us that God is, and that He is wise and that He is powerful and that before Him all men are without excuse. There is enough in creation to hold you accountable, but there is not enough there to save you. We had to have the Logos made flesh and we had to have the Word of God and the convicting work of the Holy Spirit to save us.

But in creation there is a testimony sufficient to make every man accountable because the creation testifies to the reality of God, the power of God and the wisdom of God. Romans 1:20 (ESV) 20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.”

What he is saying here is that if you see a watch, you conclude that on the other side of the watch there is a watchmaker, because without a watchmaker a watch cannot have its being. You don’t conclude that there were a few pieces of matter lying on the ground which somehow exploded and guess what, a watch. The more and more I am exposed to the glory of nature I see the clear marks of design, and a design always argues for a designer.  So by creation the eternal Word was the agent of that which bears testimony to the existence of God and the power of God. The Word was revealing by what was made who God is. And all this tied together of course means that the Word is God.

No one can create, but God. Those in the Word of Faith movement who claim that we can create with our words are totally misled. The common saying is that what you say comes into existence. Don’t confess your sickness many say, don’t confess your poverty; confess your health and your prosperity because words have the power to create. Our words do not have the power to create, only God’s words do. Psalm 102:25 (ESV)25 Of old you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.”

If all things came into being through Him, then not only does He not belong to creation but He is the creator Himself, and if Jesus is creator, then He is God. He must be eternal if He pre-exists creation. He must be omnipotent, all powerful if He is the one through whom something came forth from nothing. He is creator and He is God.

Genesis 1:3 (ESV) 3And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.” What has always confused me over the years is how there was light when the sun and moon were only created on day 4.  That's fine. In God’s creation He was not dependant on the sun to create light, because God is both the author of the sun and light. God could still cycle the light any way He wanted until He attached that light to the heavenly bodies, which He does, as we'll see later on. So, basically the first day the elements are created and they're left in a shapeless and uninhabited form and surrounded by darkness and then light is created and there's a mingling of light and darkness in the normal 24-hour cycle and that's day one. My problem was that I always saw light as dependent on the sun, but now I see light as dependent on the Son. Our solar system’s sun is not the only light source. Some insects give cold light like the fire fly. Light on the first day, just like your torch at home, was simply not dependant on the sun, but on God who created light and then gave the sun and moon on day four to the earth for their purposes.

Genesis 1:6 (ESV) 6 And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”

Genesis 1:9 (ESV) 9 And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so.” The first three days of creation we see a separation of things to prepare the world for life.

Genesis 1:11 (ESV) 11 And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth.” And it was so.” What was first, the seed or the vegetation? According to verse 11, it is clear, the vegetation, and the same argument goes for the chicken and egg scenario.

Genesis 1:14 (ESV)14And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years,”

Genesis 1:20 (ESV) 20And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.””

Genesis 1:24 (ESV)24 And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so.”

Genesis 1:26 (ESV) 26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.””

It is nothing but rebellion to ask, how has all this come into being? God has told us how it all came to be. What scientists can do now is to research and understand what God has made, and the more and more God allows them to understand the complexity of all that was made, all the more we can celebrate God’s glory together.

God spoke and it was so, and the Logos was the word through whom it all came into being. The Logos is the originator of creation.


Logos Community Church: - 17 June 2012